Joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which parts of an arthritic or a damaged joint are removed and replaced with a metal., poly, or a ceramic device called prostjhesis. The prosthesis is designed to replicate a normal and health joint. Joint replacement surgery is one of the most successful surgery among all the surgeries performed in the speciality of Orthopaedics. The main aim of the surgery is to improve the quality of life by relieving the pain, decreasing the disability and improving the movement thus making the patient independent in their life.
Present day anaesthesia and advances in the technology and implants the patient can stand and walk on 1st day , can go home as early as 5 days where he can attend to all his basic needs by the time of discharge & forget about the problem for 20years. Failure rate is drastically reduced with advent of new technique and instrumentation and time tested implant material.
Broadly speaking Arthritis is inflammation of joint or disease of the joint. It includes a variety of inflammatory and non inflammatory joint diseases such as osteoarthritis, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
The main symptoms will be pain, stiffness and swelling of the joints limiting the overall activity of the limbs involved. For many, but not all, arthritis seems to be an inevitable part of aging. While there are no signs of long-lasting cures in the immediate future, advances in both conventional medical treatment and alternative therapies have made living with arthritis more bearable to live with.
Trauma is a severe injury to part of the musculo skeletal system, such as bones, joints, or ligaments. In some cases, it presents a life-threatening medical emergency, while in others, it is in need of urgent attention but the patient is not in imminent danger. Treatment usually requires the services of an orthopedic surgeon and can require an orthopedic trauma specialist, someone who focuses on caring for patients in need of critical attention because of serious injuries.
Orthopedic Surgery is a surgical subspecialty which focuses on maladies of the Musculoskeletal System. Surgeons who specialise in this field are referred to as Orthopaedicians or Orthopaedists or simply Orthopaedic Surgeons. Orthopaedic Surgeons are involved in the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of injuries or diseases afflicting the spine, pelvis and extremities. Bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves constitute the muskelosleletal system.The muskuloskeletal system helps us to sit, stand, move, work, play and function as a human being. Orthopaedic surgeons often work closely with other health professionals like Plastic Surgeons, Radiologists, Trauma Surgeons, Anaesthetists, Physical therapists and Orthotists in restoring the diseased patient back to normal function.